Advance Directives

Advance directives include:

  • Living wills and health care surrogate designation
  • Durable power of attorney, which may or may not allow a person to make health care decisions

Before a patient’s living will is enacted, one of the following conditions must be met and documented by two physicians:

  • The patient has a terminal condition, with poor prognosis and without hope for a meaningful recovery.
  • The patient is in a persistent vegetative state.
  • The patient has an end-stage disease.
  • Do not resuscitate (DNR) verbal/telephone orders must be validated by two nurses (one must be an RN) signed, dated and timed within 24 hours.


Advance directives